Parish Area Information.

Tupton : what's in a name?

There has been a settlement at Tupton since way back in Anglo-Saxon times; perhaps even before then, because the famous and historic Roman road known as Rykneld Street, which ran through Deoraby (Derby) to Cestrafeld (Chesterfield) roughly along the line of the existing A61 Derbys Road, runs directly through the village. In Anglo-Saxon times the locality was known variously as 'Topis Tun', 'Topetune' or 'Tuphome'. Was this a reference to Topi's home (tun meaning dwelling) - the dwelling belonging to someone called Topi? Was it simply a reference to a place where goats or sheep were kept - Tuphome - the home of the tup?

A sombre past...

Though Tupton's heritage lies in the now defunct coal mining and iron industries, our small village has another more sombre claim to fame; it is a sad fact that Tupton suffered more civilian deaths as a direct result of enemy action during the second World War than did any other rural community in Derbyshire. Eleven people died in the early hours of the morning of March 15 , 1941, in a bombing raid.

The Civilian dead are remembered at the area's senior church St. Lawrence, North Wingfield, and at the site of Tupton's war memorial on Queen Victoria Road outside the Church of St. John.

After all these years, historical fact is difficult to establish and a number of questions may never be answered. Was the bombing a direct attack on the village, was the real target the London/Sheffield railway line which runs by Tupton's eastern parish boundary; were the bombs simply jettisoned by an aircraft making the return journey to Germany after a raid on Sheffield, or did the glowing firebox on a moving train attract unwanted enemy attention? All have been suggested as possibilities.

In 2005, and before local memory of the tragedy was lost forever, members of Tupton Youth Centre together with a number of Tupton people who were children at the time of the incident created a video documentary with the help of Third piper Community Arts. The project was jointly funded by Tupton Parish, North East Derbyshire and Derbyshire County Councils. Youth Centre members wrote the script and learned technical video recording skills.

A commemorative plaque will be installed as part of the community garden development located close to the site of the bombing.

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